香港網球發展史

History of HK Tennis1

 

1909

  • 香港草地網球協會成立。
  • 網球聯賽A組賽事首次舉行。

1911

  • 紀錄中首屆香港草地錦標賽舉行。

1929

  • 混合聯賽首次舉行。

1937

  • 首屆香港硬地錦標賽舉行。

1938

  • 香港草地網球協會25個屬會轄下共有72個網球場在港島、80個在九龍,幾乎全部為草地場,而當時本港還沒有公共網球設施。

1948

  • 女子聯賽開始。
  • 葉觀雄、楊渭濱、徐煒培、徐潤培分別贏得中國國家運動會男單、女單及男雙冠軍。
  • 首屆中華遊樂會公開硬地網球錦標賽舉行。

1950

  • 葉觀雄晉身温布頓網球賽。

1960

  • 南華體育會舉行全港公開網球邀請賽。

1962

  • 徐婉圓於第四屆亞運會奪得女雙銀牌。

1967

  • 徐錦翔與韋中於吉隆坡第二屆亞洲青少年錦標賽奪得雙打冠軍。

1970

  • 香港開始派隊參加台維斯盃。

1973

  • 首個MIPTC職業網球賽在港舉行(總督盃)。

1977

  • 香港首次主辦國際網球總會(ITF)青少年賽事

1980

  • 香港首次主辦 WTA (第四級賽事)

1981

  • 香港首次打入聯會盃。

1982

  • 維園網球場啓用。

1983

  • 希麗敏(其後代表香港)取得温網青少年賽單打冠軍,並夥拍美國選手贏得雙打冠軍。

1984

  • 香港擊敗台灣,首次於台維斯盃勝出。
  • 香港草地網球協會易名為香港網球總會,郭志權博士成為首任會長。
  • 香港網總辦事處遷入沙田銀禧體育中心(後易名為香港體育學院)。

1985

  • 香港16歳以下女子代表隊(Paulette Moreno, Lisa Kwok and Christine Kwok)晉身世界青年盃世界組決賽(青少年聯合會盃前身),並取得第六名。

1987

  • 莫蘭奴代表香港與韓國選手晉身温網少年賽女雙決賽。
  • 20150705193943 1
  • 由Patricia Hy, Paulette Moreno及Lisa Kwok港隊入圍聯合會盃世界組遺材賽決賽
  • 20150705193943

1988

  • 香港網球基金會成立,並開始資助各個香港網總培訓計劃。
  • 首個非MIPTC職業賽萬寶路錦標賽舉行。
  • 胡法光太平紳士獲國際網球總會頒發「傑出貢獻獎」以表揚他對網球運動的貢獻。

1990

  • 首屆ATP沙龍網球賽舉行。

1992

  • 香港升至台維斯盃亞洲區第一組。
  • 張德培網球明日之星計劃開始。

1994

  • 香港網總遷入體育大樓(現名為奧運大樓)。
  • 香港網總主辦國際網球聯會週年大會,何鴻燊博士及霍英東博士獲國際網球總會頒發「傑出貢獻獎」以表揚他們對網球運動的貢獻。
  • 香港14歳以下男子代表隊Jason Sankey,汪穎麟及陳海俊歷史性首次晉身NTT世界青少年網球世界組決賽(WJT前身),並取得第十三名。

1995

  • 郭志權博士獲國際網球總會頒發「傑出貢獻獎」以表揚他對網球運動的貢獻。

2000

  • 屈臣氏網球挑戰賽取代萬寶路錦標賽。

2001

  • 港隊於全國運動會男團比賽取得第五名。
  • 許建業、唐敏聰贏得全運會男雙銅牌。
  • 香港16歳以下男子代表隊許桌為,洪立熙,Christian Frick 歷史性首次晉身於智利舉行之世界青年盃世界組決賽(青少年台維斯盃前身),並取得第十名。
  • 香港14歳以下男子代表隊Martin Sayer,賴曉鵬,周俊朝晉身於捷克舉行之NTT世界青少年網球世界組決賽(WJT前身)。

2002

  • 徐錦翔先生成為香港網總第二任會長。

2003

  • 洪立熙羸得湖南長沙舉行的第五屆城運會男單金牌。
  • 香港網總設名人堂。

2005

  • 中國網球冠軍會師香江於維園舉行,中國頂尖女球員雲集,包括奧運金牌得主孫甜甜及李婷。
  • 香港16歳以下女子代表隊張玲,陳詠悠,曾佩儀晉身於西班牙舉行之青少年聯合會盃世界組決賽,並取得第十一名。
  • 國際網球聯會會長到訪香港網總。

2006

  • 香港體育學院遷至烏溪沙,原址作奧運馬術比賽場地。
  • 香港16歳以下女子代表隊楊子君,梁筠寗,佘俊穎晉身於西班牙舉行之青少年聯合會盃世界組決賽,並取得第十六名。

2007

  • 香港網總成功投得九龍仔網球場管理權。

2008

  • JB˙Group網球精英賽取代屈臣氏挑戰賽。
  • 香港網總部份業務遷至香港網總網球中心,中心投入服務。

2009

  • 香港網總進駐重新裝修的維園中央場。
  • 張玲獲邀為JB˙Group網球精英賽明日之星球手之一。
  • 東亞運動會將於12月在港舉行。

2010

  • 香港網總參加首屆江港澳網協網球團體邀請賽。

2011

  • 楊柏朗勇奪第七屆全國城市運動會男子單打銀牌。
  • 香港16歳以下男子代表隊楊柏朗,黃俊鏗,Jon Cho晉身於墨牙哥舉行之青少年台維斯盃世界組決賽並以第9名完成賽事,並取得第九名。

2014

  • 舉辦首屆保誠香港網球公開賽(WTA國際系列賽)
  • 香港16歳以下男子代表隊王康傑,唐嘉傑,林政晉身青少年於墨牙哥舉行之台維斯盃世界組決賽並以第11名完成賽事。
  • IMG-20140924-WA0001

2015

  • 保誠與香港網球總會成爲策略性伙伴。
  • 香港16歳以下男子代表隊林政,張毅朗,蘇銘俊晉身於西班牙舉行之青少年台維斯盃世界組決賽,並取得第十六名。
  • IMG 3889

 2016

  • 香港14歳以下女子代表隊王康怡,黃海琪,連詠嘉晉身青少年網球世界組決賽並以第6名完成賽事。
  • IMG 0733
  • 國際網球聯會主席來港參觀
  •  ITF President

 2017

  • 男子雙打組合黃俊鏗及楊柏朗在台北舉行的世界大學生運動會獲得銅牌。
  • 2017 World University Games
  • 胡曉明先生榮獲國際網球總會頒發「傑出貢獻獎」以表揚他對網球運動的貢獻。

 

History of Hong Kong Tennis

The Early Days

Before 1900 tennis was played as a leisure activity by a few Europeans belonging to the great trading houses. The desire for competitive tennis did not emerge until the early years of the 20th century, and it was only in 1909 that the Hong Kong Lawn Tennis Association was formed when representatives from several recreation clubs met at the Hong Kong Cricket Club in Chater Road to discuss the beginning of a Tennis League.

The earliest recorded results were of matches played at clubs like the Hong Kong Cricket Club in a league, which also included Craigengower Tennis Club, the Taikoo Club, Y.M.C.A. (both European and Chinese Departments), the Lusitano Club, the Wigwam Tennis Club, the Civil Service, the Navy Yard and the Kowloon Club. The first League ran from May to July 1909.

In 1911, the first National Grass Court Men's Singles Championship, won by H.A. Nisbet, was played at the Hong Kong Cricket Club at Chater Road in Central. 1918 heralded the first victory for a Chinese player, Ng Sze-Kwong, who then went on to win six successive titles. The first Ladies' Singles National Championship was held in 1920 on grass at the United Services Recreation Club in Kowloon and was won by Mrs Armstrong. Ladies Doubles and Mixed Doubles National Championships were also held at the USRC until wartime, after which these competitions were moved to the Ladies Recreation Club.

By 1938, the Hong Kong LTA had 25 clubs, with 72 courts on the island of Hong Kong and over 80 in Kowloon, nearly all of which were grass. Public courts did not exist and the playing of tennis remained a privilege available only to a wealthy minority. For much of its early life, the HKLTA League was dominated by the Chinese Recreation Club but after the Second World War other clubs, including the South China Athletic Association, were able to provide real competition.

Tennis dominated by a Talented Few

National titles were shared by a small number of very talented players. The Rumjahn cousins dominated men's tennis for many years from the mid-1920s onwards. S.A Rumjahn won 5 National Singles titles between 1925 and 1940, and captured 13 doubles titles with his cousin, H.D. Rumjahn, eleven of them consecutively from 1925 to 1935.

In 1936 Tsui Wai-pui won the first of his 32 Hong Kong titles, many with his brother Tsui Yun-pui, over a 34-year period, and represented China in the 1937 Davis Cup. The most successful player was Ip Koon-hung, the 1948 China National Games Champion, with 53 grass and hard-court titles (26 singles and 27 doubles) over a 20-year span beginning in 1947. In addition to these three, serious competition was provided by Edwin Tsai, V.T. Wang and K.C. Dao who all gained Singles and Doubles titles in the 1950s. In 1954, Ip and Tsai represented the Colony at Wimbledon and other prominent UK tournaments.

Under the auspices of the HKLTA, frequent exhibition matches were played in the 1950's on the HKCC grass courts. Davis Cup players from Australia (including Lew Hoad and Neale Fraser), India, Pakistan and Sweden (including Lennart Bergelin), and top Americans like Hamilton Richardson and Dorothy Head provided a high class of tennis. Then, in December 1957, as a foretaste of the professional tennis to come, Jack Kramer's "Circus", featuring Pancho Segura, Lew Hoad, Ken Rosewall and Kramer himself, displayed their skills at Chater Road.

Tennis Expands as the Open Era Arrives

The advent of open tennis in 1968 brought the game more into the public eye and the Hong Kong Lawn Tennis Association soon launched its own development programme. Professional tournaments were first held in 1972 at the then primitive facilities of Victoria Park, which were eventually replaced by a purpose-built 4000-seater stadium in 1982.

The Hong Kong public was treated to the skills of some of the world's top players, including Rod Laver who, in 1973, won a tournament which was part of the Ken Catton-inspired Asian tennis circuit, which also included events in Australia, Japan, Indonesia, the Philippines and India. Famous participants in the early days of professional tennis in Hong Kong included Ken Rosewall, Jimmy Connors, Ilie Nastase and Ivan Lendl.

The State of Hong Kong Tennis in 1974

The HKLTA report for 1974 highlighted the need for further development. Three major tournaments had been held: the Viceroy Tennis Classic, the National Grasscourt Championships and the ILTF Amateur Championships of Asia. But limited revenues and the volume of administrative work served to emphasise the need for a more sound financial footing that a Sports Foundation, funded by the government, could help to provide.

The 1974 National Grasscourt Championships were held for the last time at the HKCC in Chater Road, bringing to an end an era where "the public, enjoying the easy access to the courts during lunch time and after office, would come and go as their time permitted, and the players and officials commingled pleasantly on the club's verandah".

The emergence of talented juniors such as Ling Fong and Kenneth Tsui led to Davis Cup participation in 1970, under the non-playing captaincy of lifelong tennis-servant Cyril Kotewall, though it was not until 1982 that Kelvin Ng recorded Hong Kong's first point, at home to the Philippines. Despite progress in men's tennis however, the 1984 HKLTA report also commented, less optimistically, that in the two sanctioned Open championships, organised by CRC and SCAA, only Men's events were held, and that "more will have to be done to attract young girls in secondary schools to take up the sport."

Support and Sponsorship

The establishment of the Hong Kong Tennis Patrons' Association in 1976 helped to consolidate the calendar of professional events, with consequential financial benefits to junior tennis development via the Hong Kong Tennis Foundation, which was set up in 1988 to obtain corporate sponsorship and donations for tennis programmes.

The Seiko Super tennis event, offering US$200,000 in prize money, was soon followed by the appearance of the world's very best players, in both the annual Marlborough 16-man exhibition event and the ATP Salem Open. Top-class women's tennis arrived more recently, featuring stars such as Steffi Graf, Monica Seles, Venus Williams, Martina Hingis and Anna Kournikova, and is now a regular feature on the local tennis calendar.

Representing Hong Kong

With Davis Cup competition since 1970, and Ladies' participation in the Fed Cup since 1981, young players like Melvin Tong, Wayne Wong, John Hui, Tong Ka-po and Willy Chan-Lee have frequently flown the Hong Kong flag, after previously working their way through rigorous junior coaching schemes and measuring their progress in worldwide junior international events.

Three Hong Kong-wide open hardcourt tournaments, the Hong Kong National Tennis Championships, the Chinese Recreation Club (CRC) Open Hardcourt Tennis Championships and the South China Athletic Association (SCAA) Open Championships, whose structure and openness have evolved since their inception, provide the basis for players to prove their worth and achieve national rankings.

In the 21st century the playing of tennis is widespread in Hong Kong with leagues and tournaments for all age-groups held throughout the year. With over 40 Affiliated Clubs, 8000 registered players and 600 courts, many open to the public, the sport's growing popularity is ensured.